Complexity Explorer Santa Fe Institute


Refers to a system or agent that is able to behave independently of any external control. This does not necessarily place it outside the effect of external systems, but simply means that it is able to initiate actions on itself or its environment. Also used to refer to teleological, or active, agents – which are those with their own goals that often serve to cause different outcomes in situations that otherwise have identical circumstances.

Agent-Based Modeling, Systems Theory